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In a true federation such as that of United State of America every State irrespective of their size in terms of area or population it sends two representatives in the upper House i.e. In addition to all this, all important appointments such as the Chief Election Commissioner, the Comptroller and Auditor General are made by the Union Government. There is no provision for separate Constitutions for the states.
However, in addition to this process, some amendments must be approved by at least 50% of the states.
The procedure of amending the Constitution in a federal system is normally rigid.
Indian Constitution provides that some amendments require a special majority.
This enables the Union government to exercise control over the State administration.
The equality of units in a federation is best guaranteed by their equal representation in the Uppers House of the federal legislature (Parliament).