Describe the difference between relative and absolute dating
What we mean when we say that "action and reaction are equal and opposite", or that "two and two make four", is that these laws which in their own proper nature are ideal, are realized or actualized in the material universe in which we live; or, in other words, that the material things we see about us behave in accordance with these laws and through their activities manifest them to our minds. the judgments which usually accompany and give expression to acts of perception, differ from the above in that they refer to objects which are immediately present to our senses.
The realities in this case, therefore, are concrete existing things.
But what precisely is this reality with which true judgments and true ideas are said to correspond?
It is easy enough to understand how ideas can correspond with realities that are themselves conceptual or ideal, but most of the realities that we know are not of this kind.
Just as human creations -- a cathedral, a painting, or an epic -- conform to and embody the ideas of architect, artist, or poet, so, only in a more perfect way, God's creatures conform to and embody the ideas of Him who gives them being. They tend not only to develop, and so to realize more and more perfectly the idea which they are created to express, but they tend also to reproduce themselves. Every judgment comprises certain ideas which are referred to, or denied of, reality.
"Veritas logica est adaequatio intellectus et rei" (Summa, I:21:2).What we assert is Accordingly, if in the real world such a condition of things obtains -- if, that is to say, the thing in question does exist and has in fact some peculiar and distinctive property whereby it affects my senses in a certain peculiar and distinctive way -- my judgment is true.The truth of perceptual judgments by no means implies an exact correspondence between what is perceived and the images, or sensation -- complexes, whereby we perceive; nor does the Scholastic theory necessitate any such view.The correspondence therefore, in which truth consists is not a correspondence between ideas and anything material as such, but between ideas as they exist in our mind and function in our acts of cognition, and the idea that reality expresses and embodies -- ideas which have their origin and prototype in the mind of God.With regard to judgments of a more abstract or general type, the working of this view is quite simple.