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B.1 Develop and explain the appropriate procedure, controls, and variables (dependent and independent) in scientific experimentation NS.11.
B.2 Research and apply appropriate safety precautions (refer to ADE Guidelines) when designing and/or conducting scientific investigations NS.11.
Ø What kind of training does it take to be a life scientist? What is the difference between animal and plant cells? Standard 2: Students shall demonstrate an understanding of the structure and function of cells. B.3 Compare and contrast aerobic and anaerobic respiration (lactic acid and alcoholic fermentation). B.4 Describe and model the conversion of light energy to chemical energy by photosynthetic organisms: light dependent reactions light independent reactions The Cell Cycle MC.2. Mitosis & Meiosis Essential Question: How do cells grow, divide, and make new cells? What are mitosis and meiosis and which cells perform each process? How does the chromosome number in parent cell and daughter cells differ with regards to mitosis and meiosis? What is the difference in the way plant and animals undergo cell division? How does crossing over act as the genetic mechanism for diversity? Be sure to include the cell structures involved in each and how energy flows from the sun through living things.
Ø What are the working conditions and compensation for being a life scientist? Plasma Membrane Essential Question: How does the Plasma membrane function as the gateway of a cell? How do the responsibilities of cells in multi cellular organisms compare to the cells that comprise single-celled organisms? What is the composition of the cell (plasma) membrane? What are the processes that allow materials to enter and exit the cell? B.8 Describe the main events in the cell cycle (mitosis, interphase, & cytokinesis), including the differences in plant and animal cell division. B.9 List in order and describe the stages of mitosis (prophase, metaphase, anaphase, & telophase). B.10 Analyze the meiotic maintenance of a constant chromosome number from one generation to the next. Cellular Energetics Open Response Items: “How do certain living things use sunlight to make food and why are they eaten? Compare/Contrast Mitosis & Meiosis Write a short essay comparing the two cell division processes — mitosis and meiosis. How do the terms heterozygous, homozygous, dominant and recessive relate to Mendelian genetics 4. What are the distinguishing characteristics of bacteria, protists, and fungi in terms of anatomic features, food getting and reproductive methods; metabolic activities, and environmental responses?
B.3 Distinguish between a scientific theory and the term “theory” used in general conversation NS.10. Explanations are based on observations, evidence, and testing B. Understandings and/or conclusions may change with additional empirical data D.
Scientific knowledge must have peer review and verification before acceptance Standard 11: Students shall design and safely conduct scientific inquiry NS.11.
Nature of Science Essential Question: How can you use the same skills and strategies as a scientist to learn about your world? What is the importance of the major themes of biology? What is the role of experimental design in biology? What systematic procedures are necessary to investigate biological problems? What are important tools used in the study of biology? What are useful data types and how are they analyzed? What important mathematical manipulations should be performed on qualitative data? Why is the scientific method a logical process for observing the natural world 8. Cell Metabolism & The Cell Cycle Photosynthesis Ø Explain where plants get energy to produce food Ø Describe the role of ATP in cellular activities Photosynthesis overview: Ø Experiments of van Helmont, Priestley, Ingenhousz Ø Photosynthesis equation Ø Describe role of light and chlorophyll Photosynthesis reactions Ø Describe structure and function of chloroplast Ø Light-dependent reactions – describe what happens Ø Light-independent reactions – describe Calvin cycle Ø Identify factors that affect the rate of photosynthesis Cellular respiration Ø Chemical pathways o Explain what cellular respiration is o Describe what happens during glycolysis and products produced o Name and describe two main types of fermentation Ø Krebs cycle and Electron transport o Describe what happens during Krebs cycle and products produced o Explain how high-energy electrons are used in transport chain o Identify pathways the body uses to release energy during exercise Compare photosynthesis and cellular respiration Cell cycle and Growth/Division Ø Describe and identify typical stages in cell’s life cycle Ø Somatic cell reproduction o Mitotic stages, identify and describe Ø Gamete production o Meiosis, identify and describe stages o Spermatogenesis vs. Be sure to include all steps in both processes, the type of cells that use each process, starting and ending chromosome numbers, etc. What are the potential effects of genetic recombination and mutation on organisms? Project Based Assessment: Wanted Poster Students construct a wanted poster on any disease-causing bacteria or virus.
What is the difference between a hypothesis and a theory? Why it is important to acknowledge that science is a human endeavor, not separate from society but a part of society? In what ways do scientists make accommodations for differences in racial, social, and ethnic backgrounds among scientists? What are some of the various roles that science plays in society, especially in the workforce? Oogenesis Ø Compare mitosis and meiosis Ø Regulation of cell cycle Ø How do cancer cells differ from other cells Metabolism Essential Question Why do living things make or eat food? How is the sun the ultimate source of energy for all living things? Respiration & Photosynthesis Labs: Chromatography/ Photosynthesis lab from AP book Respiration of Germinating Seeds Lab Mitosis & Meiosis Labs: Cell Reproduction/ Mitosis Flip-Book HOLT INTERACTIVE" Cellular Respiration" HOLT INTERACTIVE "Photosynthesis" HOLT INTERACTIVE "Cell Reproduction" Literacy Materials for Cellular Metabolism: “Lactic Acid Is Not Muscles’ Foe, It’s Fuel” “Breakthroughs/Immunology” “Modified Mice Stay Super-fit” “Cancer In the Genes” “Grow in The Dark” “Source of Half Earth’s Oxygen Gets Little Credit” Heredity and Evolution Standard 4: Students shall demonstrate an understanding of heredity. B.1 Summarize the outcomes of Gregor Mendel’s experimental procedures. B.2 Differentiate among the laws and principles of inheritance (dominance, segregation, independent assortment). B.3 Use the laws of probability and Punnett squares to predict genotypic and phenotypic ratios. B.4Examine different modes of inheritance sex linkage codominance crossing over incomplete dominance multiple alleles HE.4. HOLT INTERACTIVE “Heredity” Literacy Materials for Genetics: “ Gene Study Identifies 5 Main Human Populations, Linking Them to Geography” “Still Evolving , Human Genes Tell New Story” “Without Gene, timid Mice Turn into Daredevils” “Study Offers New Insight Into Why Learning Disorders Are Genetic” “Early Risers have Mutated Gene, Study Says” “A Gene for Romance? At minimum it must include a picture, a description of the microorganism and the symptoms it causes.
” “Suicide grasshoppers -Brainwashed by Parasite Worms” “Toads that Go Pop in the night” “Weapons of Mouse Destruction? B.5 Identify and predict the factors that control population, including predation, competition, crowding, water, nutrients, and shelter. Genetics The work of Gregor Mendel Ø Describe Mendel’s work and summarize his conclusions Ø Explain principle of dominance Ø Law of segregation and independent assortment Probability Ø Describe what probability is Ø Explain how probability is used in genetics Ø Construct and read Punnett Squares Patterns of inheritance Ø Simple dominance Ø Co-dominance Ø Incomplete dominance Ø X-linked Ø Pedigree and karyotypes o Mutations/diseases Genetics Essential Question Why do living things not look the same? B.2 Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection. B.3 Recognize that evolution involves a change in allele frequencies in a population across successive generations. B.4 Analyze the effects of mutations and the resulting variations within a population in terms of natural selection. B.5 Illustrate mass extinction events using a time line. B.6 Evaluate evolution in terms of evidence as found in the following: fossil record DNA analysis artificial selection morphology embryology viral evolution geographic distribution of related species antibiotic and pesticide resistance in various organisms Nature of Science Standard 12 NS.12. What were some early models for how life formed on Earth? What types of evidence support the theory of evolution? How do environmental pressures cause variations in populations? How does natural selection explain the idea of change over time? B.15 Differentiate between vascular and nonvascular plants. B.16 Differentiate among cycads, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. B.17 Describe the structure and function of the major parts of a plant: roots stems leaves flowers CDL.7. What are distinguishing differences between nonvascular and vascular plants? What specific roles do dermal, vascular, and ground tissues play in plants?Students take an informational tour to gain a basic understanding of geologic time, the evidence for events in Earth’s history, relative and absolute dating techniques, and the significance of the Geologic Time Scale.Students take an informational tour to gain a basic understanding of geologic time, the evidence for events in Earth’s history, relative and absolute dating techniques, and the significance of the Geologic Time Scale. ESC.511 (Tree Rings, Ice Cores, and Varves - Earth Science) SCI. ESC.506 (Principles of Relative Dating - Earth Science) SCI.With insights from top education specialists, these parenting articles provide advice and information for both typical and unusual parenting circumstances.A large range of topics are covered in these educational articles, from back-talking toddlers to college-bound teenagers.